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3.2. User Manager Tool

The User Manager allows you to view, modify, add, and delete local users and groups.
The GNOME User Manager
The GNOME User Manager allows you to manage users
Figure 3.5. The GNOME User Manager

You can start the User Manager by clicking ApplicationsOtherUsers and Groups from the Activities menu. Alternatively, you can enter system-config-users at the shell prompt to open the User Manager. Viewing and modifying user and group information requires superuser privileges. If you are not the superuser when you open the User Manager, it will prompt you for the superuser password.
To view a list of local users on the system, click the Users tab. To view a list of local groups on the system, click the Groups tab.
To find a specific user or group, type the first few letters of the name in the Search filter field. Press Enter or click the Apply filter button. The filtered list is displayed.
To sort the users, click on the column User Name and for groups click on Group Name. The users or groups are sorted according to the value of that column.
Fedora reserves user IDs below 500 for system users. By default, the User Manager does not display system users. To view all users, including the system users, go to EditPreferences and uncheck Hide system users and groups from the dialog box.

3.2.1. Adding a New User

To add a new user, click the Add User button. A window as shown in Figure 3.6, “Creating a new user” appears. Type the username and full name for the new user in the appropriate fields. Type the user's password in the Password and Confirm Password fields. The password must be at least six characters.

Password security advice

It is advisable to use a much longer password, as this makes it more difficult for an intruder to guess it and access the account without permission. It is also recommended that the password not be based on a dictionary term: use a combination of letters, numbers and special characters.
Select a login shell from the pulldown list. If you are not sure which shell to select, accept the default value of /bin/bash. The default home directory is /home/username/. You can change the home directory that is created for the user, or you can choose not to create the home directory by unselecting Create home directory.
If you select to create the home directory, default configuration files are copied from the /etc/skel/ directory into the new home directory.
Fedora uses a user private group (UPG) scheme. The UPG scheme does not add or change anything in the standard UNIX way of handling groups; it offers a new convention. Whenever you create a new user, by default, a unique group with the same name as the user is created. If you do not want to create this group, unselect Create a private group for the user.
To specify a user ID for the user, select Specify user ID manually. If the option is not selected, the next available user ID above 500 is assigned to the new user. Because Fedora reserves user IDs below 500 for system users, it is not advisable to manually assign user IDs 1-499.
Click OK to create the user.
Creating a new user
Creating a new user with the Create New User dialog
Figure 3.6. Creating a new user

To configure more advanced user properties, such as password expiration, modify the user's properties after adding the user.

Modifying User Properties

To view the properties of an existing user, click on the Users tab, select the user from the user list, and click Properties from the menu (or choose FileProperties from the pulldown menu). A window similar to Figure 3.7, “User Properties” appears.
User Properties
Modifying user properties
Figure 3.7. User Properties

The User Properties window is divided into multiple tabbed pages:
  • User Data — Shows the basic user information configured when you added the user. Use this tab to change the user's full name, password, home directory, or login shell.
  • Account Info — Select Enable account expiration if you want the account to expire on a certain date. Enter the date in the provided fields. Select Local password is locked to lock the user account and prevent the user from logging into the system.
  • Password Info — Displays the date that the user's password last changed. To force the user to change passwords after a certain number of days, select Enable password expiration and enter a desired value in the Days before change required: field. The number of days before the user's password expires, the number of days before the user is warned to change passwords, and days before the account becomes inactive can also be changed.
  • Groups — Allows you to view and configure the Primary Group of the user, as well as other groups that you want the user to be a member of.