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Fedora 16

Installation Quick Start Guide

Downloading and installing Fedora 16 on most desktop and laptop computers

Fedora Documentation Project

Red Hat Engineering Content Services

Fedora Documentation Project

Edited by

Rüdiger Landmann

Red Hat Engineering Content Services

Edited by

Jack Reed

Red Hat Engineering Content Services

Legal Notice

Copyright © 2011 Red Hat, Inc. and others.
The text of and illustrations in this document are licensed by Red Hat under a Creative Commons Attribution–Share Alike 3.0 Unported license ("CC-BY-SA"). An explanation of CC-BY-SA is available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/. The original authors of this document, and Red Hat, designate the Fedora Project as the "Attribution Party" for purposes of CC-BY-SA. In accordance with CC-BY-SA, if you distribute this document or an adaptation of it, you must provide the URL for the original version.
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Abstract
This document shows you how to download and install Fedora. It does not cover every possible scenario, but describes steps that will work in most situations on most common hardware.

1. Introduction
2. Requirements
3. Download the Fedora live CD image file
4. Burn the image file to CD
5. Boot your computer from the CD
6. Language Selection
7. Fedora Live Desktop
8. Keyboard Configuration
9. Storage Devices
9.1. The Storage Devices Selection Screen
10. Assign Storage Devices
11. Initializing the Hard Disk
12. Upgrading an Existing System
13. Setting the Hostname
14. Time Zone Configuration
15. Set the Root Password
16. Disk Partitioning Setup
17. Write changes to disk
18. Boot Loader Configuration
19. Package Group Selection
20. Installing Packages
21. Firstboot
22. License Agreement
23. Create User
24. Date and Time
25. Hardware Profile
26. Your installation is complete
27. We Need Feedback!
A. Package Group Selection
A.1. Customizing the Software Selection
B. Revision History

1. Introduction

This guide shows you how to download a Fedora 16 live CD image, burn this image to a disc, and use this disc to install Fedora 16 on a typical desktop or notebook computer. This guide is not a complete description of the installation process and all its options — for greater detail, refer to the Fedora 16 Installation Guide, available from http://docs.fedoraproject.org/.

2. Requirements

To create a Fedora live CD, you need:
  • a broadband connection to the Internet.
  • a computer with a CD or DVD burner.
  • software that allows you to create a CD from an image file.
  • a blank, writeable CD.
If you do not have a fast Internet connection, or if you have a problem creating boot media, downloading may not be an option. Fedora DVD and CD distribution media is available from a number of online sources around the world at a minimal cost. Use your favorite Web search engine to locate a vendor, or refer to http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Distribution.
The computer on which you intend to install Fedora 16 from the live CD should have:
  • a CD or DVD drive, and the capability to boot from this drive.
  • a 400 MHz processor or faster
  • at least 1 GB of memory (RAM)
  • at least 10 GB of permanent storage (hard drive) space.
These specifications represent a bare minumum to use Fedora in graphical mode. Almost any laptop or desktop computer manufactured in recent years will meet these requirements. For more details of the hardware requirements for Fedora 16, refer to the Fedora 16 Release Notes, available from http://docs.fedoraproject.org/.
If your computer does not have a CD or DVD drive, or is not capable of booting from this drive, then you might be able to install Fedora from a USB storage device such as a USB flash drive. Refer to the liveusb-creator page at https://fedorahosted.org/liveusb-creator/ for instructions.

Do you already have Fedora 16 on CD, DVD, or live USB media?

If you already have Fedora 16 on CD, DVD, or live USB media, you can still use this guide, because many steps will be similar. Skip ahead to Section 5, “Boot your computer from the CD”, then

3. Download the Fedora live CD image file

The image file for the Fedora 16 live CD is available from http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/16/Live/i686/Fedora-16-i686-Live-Desktop.iso. Download and save this file to your computer.

4. Burn the image file to CD

The exact series of steps that produces a CD from an image file varies greatly from computer to computer, depending on the operating system and disc burning software installed. Use this procedure as a general guide. You might be able to omit certain steps on your computer, or might have to perform some of the steps in a different order from the order described here.
Make sure that your disc burning software is capable of burning discs from image files. Although this is true of most disc burning software, exceptions exist.
In particular, note that the CD burning feature built into Windows XP and Windows Vista cannot burn CDs from images and that earlier Windows operating systems did not have any CD burning capability installed by default. Therefore, if your computer has a Windows operating system prior to Windows 7 installed on it, you need a separate piece of software for this task. Examples of popular CD burning software for Windows that you might already have on your computer include Nero Burning ROM and Roxio Creator. If you use a Windows operating system on your computer and do not have disc burning software installed (or you are not sure that the software can burn discs from image files) InfraRecorder is a suitable alternative available from http://www.infrarecorder.org/, and is free and open-source.
The Disk Utility software installed by default with Mac OS X on Apple computers has the capability to burn CDs from images built into it already. Most widely-used CD burning software for Linux, such as Brasero and K3b, also includes this capability.
  1. Insert a blank, writeable CD into your computer's CD or DVD burner. On some computers, a window opens and displays various options when you insert the disc. If you see a window like this, look for an option to launch your chosen disc burning program. If you do not see an option like this, close the window and launch the program manually.
  2. Launch your disc burning program. On some computers, you can do this by right-clicking (or control-clicking) on the image file and selecting a menu option with a label like Copy image to CD, or Copy CD or DVD image. Other computers might provide you with a menu option to launch your chosen disc burning program, either directly or with an option like Open With. If none of these options are available on your computer, launch the program from an icon on your desktop, in a menu of applications such as the Start menu on Windows operating systems, or in the Mac Applications folder.
  3. In your disc burning program, select the option to burn a CD from an image file. For example, in Nero Burning ROM, this option is called Burn Image and is located on the File menu.
    Note that you can skip this step when using certain CD burning software; for example, Disk Utility on Mac OS X does not require it.
  4. Browse to the ISO CD image file that you downloaded previously and select it for burning.
  5. Click the button that starts the burning process.

Check the CD

After the burning process completes, browse to the CD and check its contents. If you have burned the disc correctly, it should contain a number of files and folders, including GPL, README, LiveOS, EFI, and isolinux. If you see only a single file named Fedora-16-i686-Live.iso, you have burned the image file itself to the CD, rather than burning a CD from the image file. In this case, you cannot use the CD and must try again.

5. Boot your computer from the CD

Switch on your computer, load the Fedora 16 live CD into the CD or DVD drive, and restart the computer with the disc still in the drive. Ideally, you should soon see the Fedora boot screen and a ten-second countdown:
The Fedora live CD boot screen
The boot screen displays a countdown timer.
Figure 1. The Fedora live CD boot screen

Either press Enter to select the Start Fedora 16 option, or wait for the countdown to expire.
If you do not see this screen, you might need to select an option manually to make your computer boot from the CD. Power your computer on, and watch the initial BIOS screen for a prompt that indicates which key to use for either:
  • a boot menu, or
  • the BIOS setup utility
The boot menu option is preferable. If you cannot see such a prompt, consult your manufacturer's documentation for your computer system, motherboard, or mainboard for the correct keystroke. On many systems, the required key will be F12, F2, F1, Esc, or Delete.

6. Language Selection

After the ten-second countdown, your computer loads the Fedora live system desktop. You will see a menu bar at the top of the screen.
The Fedora Live desktop
The desktop of the Fedora live system.
Figure 2. The Fedora Live desktop

The default language for the installation process is English. If you do not need to change the language, proceed to Section 7, “Fedora Live Desktop”
To select another language:
  1. Click Live System User in the menu bar.
  2. Select System Settings.
  3. Select Region and Language.
  4. Select your preferred language. If it is not listed, click on the + button. Either select from the list or search, then press Select.
  5. Close the Region and Language window and select Log Out from the Live System User menu.
  6. Log back in. No password is required. The desktop will now be presented in your selected language.

7. Fedora Live Desktop

Click Activities, and a menu with several icons will drop down.
The Activities menu in the Fedora live system
The Activities menu in the desktop of the Fedora live system, accessible from the menu bar at the top of the screen. The menu includes the Install to Hard Drive icon.
Figure 3. The Activities menu in the Fedora live system

The final icon is labeled Install to Hard Drive. Click this icon to launch the installation program.

8. Keyboard Configuration

Using your mouse, select the correct layout type (for example, U.S. English) for the keyboard you would prefer to use for the installation and as the system default (refer to the figure below).
Once you have made your selection, click Next to continue.
Keyboard Configuration
Keyboard configuration screen
Figure 4. Keyboard Configuration

9. Storage Devices

You can install Fedora on a large variety of storage devices. This screen allows you to select either basic or specialized storage devices.
Storage devices
Screen to select basic or specialized storage devices
Figure 5. Storage devices

This quick start guide only covers installing Fedora on basic storage devices such as the hard drives and solid-state drives of typical desktop and laptop computers. Refer to the Fedora 16 Installation Guide available from http://docs.fedoraproject.org/ for details of installing Fedora on specialized storage devices.
If you select Basic Storage Devices, anaconda automatically detects the local storage attached to the system and does not require further input from you. Proceed to Section 11, “Initializing the Hard Disk”.

9.1.  The Storage Devices Selection Screen

The storage devices selection screen displays all storage devices to which anaconda has access.
Select storage devices
Screen to select available storage devices, with tabs for basic devices, firmware RAID, multipath devices, and other SAN devices.
Figure 6. Select storage devices

Each device is presented on a separate row, with a checkbox to its left. Click the checkbox to make a device available during the installation process, or click the radio button at the left of the column headings to select or deselect all the devices listed in a particular screen. Later in the installation process, you can choose to install Fedora onto any of the devices selected here, and can choose to automatically mount any of the other devices selected here as part of the installed system.
Note that the devices that you select here are not automatically wiped by the installation process. Selecting a device on this screen does not, in itself, place data stored on the device at risk. Note also that any devices that you do not select here to form part of the installed system can be added to the system after installation by modifying the /etc/fstab file.
If you selected only one storage device, click Next and proceed to Section 11, “Initializing the Hard Disk”. If you selected two or more storage devices, click Next and proceed to Section 10, “ Assign Storage Devices ”.

10.  Assign Storage Devices

If you selected more than one storage device on the storage devices selection screen (refer to Section 9, “Storage Devices”), anaconda asks you to select which of these devices should be available for installation of the operating system, and which should only be attached to the file system for data storage. If you selected only one storage device, anaconda does not present you with this screen.
During installation, the devices that you identify here as being for data storage only are mounted as part of the file system, but are not partitioned or formatted.
Assign storage devices
Screen to select storage devices for installation or for data storage only
Figure 7. Assign storage devices

The screen is split into two panes. The left pane contains a list of devices to be used for data storage only. The right pane contains a list of devices that are to be available for installation of the operating system.
Each list contains information about the devices to help you to identify them. A small drop-down menu marked with an icon is located to the right of the column headings. This menu allows you to select the types of data presented on each device. Reducing or expanding the amount of information presented might help you to identify particular devices.
Move a device from one list to the other by clicking on the device, then clicking either the button labeled with a left-pointing arrow to move it to the list of data storage devices or the button labeled with a right-pointing arrow to move it to the list of devices available for installation of the operating system.
The list of devices available as installation targets also includes a radio button beside each device. Use this radio button to specify the device that you want to use as the boot device for the system.
When you have finished identifying devices to be used for installation, click Next to continue.

11. Initializing the Hard Disk

If no readable partition tables are found on existing hard disks, the installation program asks to initialize the hard disk. This operation makes any existing data on the hard disk unreadable. If your system has a brand new hard disk with no operating system installed, or you have removed all partitions on the hard disk, click Re-initialize drive.
The installation program presents you with a separate dialog for each disk on which it cannot read a valid partition table. Click the Ignore all button or Re-initialize all button to apply the same answer to all devices.
Warning screen – initializing hard drive
Warning screen – initializing hard drive.
Figure 8. Warning screen – initializing hard drive

12.  Upgrading an Existing System

If your system contains a Fedora installation, a dialog appears asking whether you want to upgrade that installation. To perform an upgrade of an existing system, choose the appropriate installation from the drop-down list and select Next.
The Upgrade Dialog
The Upgrade Dialog
Figure 9. The Upgrade Dialog

13. Setting the Hostname

Setup prompts you to supply a host name and domain name for this computer, in the format hostname.domainname. Many networks have a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) service that automatically supplies connected systems with a domain name, leaving the user to enter a hostname.
Unless you have a specific need to customize the host name and domain name, the default setting localhost.localdomain is a good choice for most users.
Setting the hostname
Setting the hostname
Figure 10. Setting the hostname

14. Time Zone Configuration

Set your time zone by selecting the city closest to your computer's physical location. Click on the map to zoom in to a particular geographical region of the world.
From here there are two ways for you to select your time zone:
  • Using your mouse, click on the interactive map to select a specific city (represented by a yellow dot). A red X appears indicating your selection.
  • You can also scroll through the list at the bottom of the screen to select your time zone. Using your mouse, click on a location to highlight your selection.
Configuring the Time Zone
Time zone configuration screen.
Figure 11. Configuring the Time Zone

15. Set the Root Password

Setting up a root account and password is one of the most important steps during your installation. The root account is used to install packages, upgrade RPMs, and perform most system maintenance. Logging in as root gives you complete control over your system.
Root Password
Setting your root password.
Figure 12. Root Password

Enter the root password into the Root Password field. Fedora displays the characters as asterisks for security. Type the same password into the Confirm field to ensure it is set correctly. After you set the root password, select Next to proceed.

16. Disk Partitioning Setup

On this screen you can choose to create the default partition layout in one of four different ways, or choose to partition storage devices manually to create a custom layout.
Disk Partitioning Setup
Choose automatic partitioning or manual partitioning.
Figure 13. Disk Partitioning Setup

The first four options allow you to perform an automated installation without having to partition your storage devices yourself. If you do not feel comfortable with partitioning your system, choose one of these options and let the installation program partition the storage devices for you. Depending on the option that you choose, you can still control what data (if any) is removed from the system.
Your options are:
Use All Space
Select this option to remove all partitions on your hard drives (this includes partitions created by other operating systems such as Windows VFAT or NTFS partitions).

Warning

If you select this option, all data on the selected hard drives is removed by the installation program. Do not select this option if you have information that you want to keep on the hard drives where you are installing Fedora.
In particular, do not select this option when you configure a system to chain load the Fedora boot loader from another boot loader.
Replace Existing Linux System(s)
Select this option to remove only partitions created by a previous Linux installation. This does not remove other partitions you may have on your hard drives (such as VFAT or FAT32 partitions).
Shrink Current System
Select this option to resize your current data and partitions manually and install a default Fedora layout in the space that is freed.

Warning

If you shrink partitions on which other operating systems are installed, you might not be able to use those operating systems. Although this partitioning option does not destroy data, operating systems typically require some free space in their partitions. Before you resize a partition that holds an operating system that you might want to use again, find out how much space you need to leave free.
Use Free Space
Select this option to retain your current data and partitions and install Fedora in the unused space available on the storage drives. Ensure that there is sufficient space available on the storage drives before you select this option.

Warning

If your 64-bit x86 system uses UEFI instead of BIOS, you will need to manually create a /boot partition. This partition must have an ext3 file system. If you choose to partition automatically, your system will not boot.
Create Custom Layout
Select this option to partition storage devices manually and create customized layouts.
Choose your preferred partitioning method by clicking the radio button to the left of its description in the dialog box.
Click Next once you have made your selections to proceed.

17. Write changes to disk

The installer prompts you to confirm the partitioning options that you selected. Click Write changes to disk to allow the installer to partition your hard drive and install Fedora.
Writing storage configuration to disk
The Writing storage configuration to disk dialog box lets you choose to Write changes to disk or to Go back.
Figure 14. Writing storage configuration to disk

If you are certain that you want to proceed, click Write changes to disk.

Last chance to cancel safely

Up to this point in the installation process, the installer has made no lasting changes to your computer. When you click Write changes to disk, the installer will allocate space on your hard drive and start to transfer Fedora into this space. Depending on the partitioning option that you chose, this process might include erasing data that already exists on your computer.
To revise any of the choices that you made up to this point, click Go back. To cancel installation completely, switch off your computer. To switch off most computers at this stage, press the power button and hold it down for a few seconds.
After you click Write changes to disk, allow the installation process to complete. If the process is interrupted (for example, by you switching off or resetting the computer, or by a power outage) you will probably not be able to use your computer until you restart and complete the Fedora installation process, or install a different operating system.

18. Boot Loader Configuration

Some partitioning options cause the boot loader configuration screen to appear. If you do not see this screen, skip to Section 19, “Package Group Selection”.
GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader), which is installed by default, is a very powerful boot loader. GRUB can load a variety of free operating systems, as well as proprietary operating systems with chain-loading (the mechanism for loading unsupported operating systems, such as Windows, by loading another boot loader). Note that Fedora 16 uses GRUB 2. GRUB Legacy is no longer actively developed.[1]
Boot Loader Configuration
Configure how you would like to boot the system.
Figure 15. Boot Loader Configuration

If there are no other operating systems on your computer, or you are completely removing any other operating systems the installation program will install GRUB as your boot loader without any intervention. In that case you may continue on to Section 19, “Package Group Selection”.
If you have other operating systems already installed, Fedora attempts to automatically detect and configure GRUB to boot them. You may manually configure any additional operating systems if GRUB does not detect them.
To add, remove, or change the detected operating system settings, use the options provided.
Add
Select Add to include an additional operating system in GRUB.
Select the disk partition which contains the bootable operating system from the drop-down list and give the entry a label. GRUB displays this label in its boot menu.
Edit
To change an entry in the GRUB boot menu, select the entry and then select Edit.
Delete
To remove an entry from the GRUB boot menu, select the entry and then select Delete.
Select Default beside the preferred boot partition to choose your default bootable OS. You cannot move forward in the installation unless you choose a default boot image.

19. Package Group Selection

If you install from a Fedora Live image, you cannot make package selections. This installation method transfers a copy of the Live image rather than installing packages from a repository. To change the package selection, complete the installation, then use the Add/Remove Software application to make desired changes.
If you are installing Fedora from a DVD, refer to Appendix A, Package Group Selection for details of package selection.

20. Installing Packages

At this point there is nothing left for you to do until all the packages have been installed. How quickly this happens depends on the number of packages you have selected and your computer's speed.
After installation completes, select Reboot to restart your computer. Fedora ejects any loaded discs before the computer reboots.

21. Firstboot

Firstboot launches the first time that you start a new Fedora system. Use Firstboot to configure the system for use before you log in.
Firstboot welcome screen
Firstboot welcome screen
Figure 16. Firstboot welcome screen

Select Forward to start Firstboot.

22. License Agreement

This screen displays the overall licensing terms for Fedora. Each software package in Fedora is covered by its own license. All licensing guidelines for Fedora are located at http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Legal/Licenses.
Firstboot license screen
Firstboot license screen
Figure 17. Firstboot license screen

If you agree to the terms of the licence, select Forward.

23. Create User

Create a user account for yourself with this screen. Always use this account to log in to your Fedora system, rather than using the root account.
Firstboot create user screen
Firstboot create user screen
Figure 18. Firstboot create user screen

24. Date and Time

If your system does not have Internet access or a network time server, manually set the date and time for your system on this screen. Otherwise, click the Synchronize date and time over the network checkbox to configure your system to use NTP (Network Time Protocol) servers to maintain the accuracy of the clock. NTP provides time synchronization service to computers on the same network. The Internet contains many computers that offer public NTP services.
Firstboot date and time screen
Firstboot date and time screen
Figure 19. Firstboot date and time screen

25. Hardware Profile

Firstboot displays a screen that allows you to submit your hardware information anonymously to the Fedora Project. Developers use these hardware details to guide further support efforts. You can read more about this project and its development at http://smolts.org/.
Firstboot hardware profile screen
Firstboot hardware profile screen
Figure 20. Firstboot hardware profile screen

To opt in to this important work, select Send Profile. If you choose not to submit any profile data, do not change the default. Select Finish to continue to the login screen.

26. Your installation is complete

Fedora is now installed on your computer. Log in with the username and password that you created during the installation process.
To learn more about Fedora, visit the Fedora Project website at http://fedoraproject.org/. If you need help installing or using Fedora, visit http://fedoraproject.org/en/get-help.

27. We Need Feedback!

If you find a typographical error in this manual, or if you have thought of a way to make this manual better, we would love to hear from you! Please submit a report in Bugzilla: http://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/ against the product Fedora Documentation.
When submitting a bug report, be sure to mention the manual's identifier: installation-quick-start-guide
If you have a suggestion for improving the documentation, try to be as specific as possible when describing it. If you have found an error, please include the section number and some of the surrounding text so we can find it easily.

A. Package Group Selection

DVD only

You will not see this screen if you are installing Fedora from the live CD.
The Package Installation Defaults screen appears and details the default package set for your Fedora installation. This screen varies depending on the version of Fedora you are installing.
Package Group Selection
Choose which package groups you want to install.
Figure A.1. Package Group Selection

By default, the Fedora installation process loads a selection of software that is suitable for a system deployed as a basic server. Note that this installation does not include a graphical environment. To include a selection of software suitable for other roles, click the radio button that corresponds to one of the following options:
Graphical Desktop
This option provides the OpenOffice.org productivity suite, graphical tools such as the GIMP, and multimedia applications.
Software Development
This option provides the necessary tools to compile software on your Fedora system.
Web server
This option provides the Apache web server.
Minimal
This option provides only the packages essential to run Fedora. A minimal installation provides the basis for a single-purpose server or desktop appliance and maximizes performance and security on such an installation.
To customize your package set further, select the Customize now option on the screen. Clicking Next takes you to the Package Group Selection screen.

A.1.  Customizing the Software Selection

Package Group Details
Choose to add or remove optional packages from this package group.
Figure A.2. Package Group Details

Fedora divides the included software into package groups. For ease of use, the package selection screen displays these groups as categories.
You can select package groups, which group components together according to function (for example, X Window System and Editors), individual packages, or a combination of the two.
After you choose the desired packages, select Next to proceed. The installer checks your selection, and automatically adds any extra packages required to use the software you selected. When you have finished selecting packages, click Close to save your optional package selections and return to the main package selection screen.

B. Revision History

Revision History
Revision 16.1.0Tue Dec 20 2011Jack Reed
Update for Fedora 16