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Fedora 18

Installation Guide

Installing Fedora 18 on x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 architectures

エディッション 1.0

Fedora Documentation Team

Documentation Project Fedora [FAMILY Given]


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Provides documentation for the installation process.

1. 表記方法
1.1. 印刷における表記方法
1.2. 引用における表記方法
1.3. 注記および警告
2. フィードバック
3. Acknowledgments
1. Background
1.1. About Fedora
1.2. Getting Additional Help
2. About This Document
2.1. Goals
2.2. Audience
1. Quick Start for Experts
1.1. Overview
1.2. Download Files
1.3. Prepare for Installation
1.4. Install Fedora
1.5. Perform Post-installation Steps
2. Obtaining Fedora
2.1. Downloading Fedora
2.1.1. How Do I Download Installation Files?
2.1.2. Which Architecture Is My Computer?
2.1.3. Which Files Do I Download?
2.2. Obtaining Fedora on CD or DVD
3. メディアの作成
3.1. Making an installation DVD
3.2. Preparing a USB flash drive as an installation source
3.2.1. Making Fedora USB Media on a Windows Operating System
3.2.2. Making Fedora USB Media in UNIX, Linux, and Similar Operating Systems
3.3. 最低限ブートメディアの作成
3.3.1. UEFI ベースのシステム
I. Installation and Booting
4. Planning for Installation on the x86 Architecture
4.1. Upgrade or Install?
4.2. Is Your Hardware Compatible?
4.3. RAID and Other Disk Devices
4.3.1. Hardware RAID
4.3.2. Software RAID
4.3.3. FireWire and USB Disks
4.4. Do You Have Enough Disk Space?
4.5. Selecting an Installation Method
4.6. Choose a boot method
5. Preparing for Installation
5.1. Preparing for a Network Installation
5.1.1. Preparing for FTP and HTTP installation
5.1.2. Preparing for an NFS installation
5.2. Preparing for a Hard Drive Installation
6. System Specifications List
7. インストールをブートする
7.1. Starting the Installation Program
7.1.1. Booting the Installation Program on x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 Systems
7.1.2. The Boot Menu
7.1.3. Additional Boot Options
7.2. PXE を使用してネットワークからブートする
8. Configuring Installation Source
8.1. Installation Method
8.1.1. DVD からインストール
8.1.2. Installing from a Hard Drive
8.1.3. Installing via NFS
8.1.4. Installing via FTP or HTTP
9. Using the Fedora installer
9.1. The Text Mode Installation Program User Interface
9.1.1. Using the Keyboard to Navigate
9.2. The Graphical Installation Program User Interface
9.2.1. インストール中のスクリーンショット
9.2.2. A Note about Virtual Consoles
9.3. 言語の設定
9.4. The Installation Summary Menu
9.5. Date and time
9.6. Keyboard Configuration
9.7. Installation Source
9.8. Network Configuration
9.8.1. Edit Network Connections
9.9. Software Selection
9.9.1. Core Network Services
9.10. Storage and partitioning
9.10.1. x86, AMD64, and Intel 64 Boot Loader Installation
9.11. パーティションの暗号化
9.12. Reclaim disk space
9.13. Creating a Custom Partition Layout
9.13.1. Adding and Configuring Partitions
9.13.2. Create Software RAID
9.13.3. Create LVM Logical Volume
9.13.4. Create a Btrfs subvolume
9.13.5. Recommended Partitioning Scheme
9.14. Begin installation
9.15. The Configuration Menu and Progress Screen
9.15.1. rootのパスワード設定
9.16. Installation Complete
10. Troubleshooting Installation on an Intel or AMD System
10.1. You are unable to boot Fedora
10.1.1. Are You Unable to Boot With Your RAID Card?
10.1.2. Is Your System Displaying Signal 11 Errors?
10.2. Trouble Beginning the Installation
10.2.1. Problems with Booting into the Graphical Installation
10.3. Trouble During the Installation
10.3.1. No devices found to install Fedora Error Message
10.3.2. Reporting traceback messages
10.3.3. Trouble with Partition Tables
10.3.4. Using Remaining Space
10.3.5. Other Partitioning Problems
10.4. Problems After Installation
10.4.1. Trouble With the Graphical GRUB Screen on an x86-based System?
10.4.2. Blocked by a GRUB command line after upgrading?
10.4.3. Booting into a Graphical Environment
10.4.4. Problems with the X Window System (GUI)
10.4.5. Problems with the X Server Crashing and Non-Root Users
10.4.6. Problems When You Try to Log In
10.4.7. Is Your RAM Not Being Recognized?
10.4.8. Your Printer Does Not Work
10.4.9. Apache HTTP Server or Sendmail stops responding during startup
II. 高度なインストールオプション
11. ブートオプション
11.1. ブートメニューでインストールシステムを設定
11.1.1. 言語の指定
11.1.2. インターフェースの設定
11.1.3. Anaconda の更新
11.1.4. インストール方法を指定
11.1.5. Specifying the Network Settings
11.2. インストールシステムへのリモートアクセスを有効化
11.2.1. VNC でリモートアクセスを有効にする
11.2.2. インストールシステムを VNC リスナーに接続
11.2.3. Enabling Remote Access with ssh
11.3. インストール中にリモートシステムにログイン
11.3.1. ログサーバーを設定する
11.4. キックスタートでインストールを自動化する
11.5. ハードウェアサポートの強化
11.5.1. 自動ハードウェア検出を上書きする
11.6. メンテナンスブートモードの使用
11.6.1. メモリー (RAM) テストモードのロード
11.6.2. ブートメディアの検証
11.6.3. レスキューモードでコンピュータをブート
12. Installing Without Media
12.1. Retrieving Boot Files
12.2. Editing the GRUB Configuration
12.3. Booting to Installation
13. Setting Up an Installation Server
13.1. Setting Up cobbler
13.2. Setting Up the Distribution
13.3. Mirroring a Network Location
13.4. Importing the Distribution
13.5. Manually configure a PXE server
13.5.1. Setting up the Network Server
13.5.2. PXE Boot Configuration
13.5.3. Starting the tftp Server
13.5.4. Adding a Custom Boot Message
13.5.5. Performing the PXE Installation
14. Installing Through VNC
14.1. VNC Viewer
14.2. VNC Modes in Anaconda
14.2.1. Direct Mode
14.2.2. Connect Mode
14.3. Installation Using VNC
14.3.1. Installation Example
14.3.2. Kickstart Considerations
14.3.3. Firewall Considerations
14.4. References
15. Kickstart Installations
15.1. What are Kickstart Installations?
15.2. How Do You Perform a Kickstart Installation?
15.3. Creating the Kickstart File
15.4. Kickstart Options
15.4.1. Advanced Partitioning Example
15.5. Package Selection
15.6. Pre-installation Script
15.6.1. Example
15.7. Post-installation Script
15.7.1. Example
15.8. Making the Kickstart File Available
15.8.1. Creating Kickstart Boot Media
15.8.2. Making the Kickstart File Available on the Network
15.9. Making the Installation Tree Available
15.10. Starting a Kickstart Installation
16. Kickstart Configurator
16.1. Basic Configuration
16.2. Installation Method
16.3. Boot Loader Options
16.4. Partition Information
16.4.1. Creating Partitions
16.5. Network Configuration
16.6. Authentication
16.7. Firewall Configuration
16.7.1. SELinux Configuration
16.8. Display Configuration
16.9. Package Selection
16.10. Pre-Installation Script
16.11. Post-Installation Script
16.11.1. Chroot Environment
16.11.2. Use an Interpreter
16.12. Saving the File
III. インストールの後
17. Firstboot
17.1. Welcome to Firstboot
17.2. License Agreement
17.3. Create User
17.3.1. Authentication Configuration
17.4. Date and Time
18. Your Next Steps
18.1. Updating Your System
18.2. Finishing an Upgrade
18.3. Switching to a Graphical Login
18.3.1. Enabling Access to Software Repositories from the Command Line
18.4. Subscribing to Fedora Announcements and News
18.5. Finding Documentation and Support
18.6. Joining the Fedora Community
19. Upgrading Your Current System
19.1. Determining Whether to Upgrade or Re-Install
19.2. Upgrading Your System
20. Removing Fedora
20.1. Fedora is the only operating system on the computer
20.2. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and another operating system
20.2.1. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and a Microsoft Windows operating system
20.2.2. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and Mac OS X
20.2.3. Your computer dual-boots Fedora and a different Linux distribution
20.3. Replacing Fedora with MS-DOS or legacy versions of Microsoft Windows
IV. 技術的付録
A. An Introduction to Disk Partitions
A.1. Hard Disk Basic Concepts
A.1.1. It is Not What You Write, it is How You Write It
A.1.2. Partitions: Turning One Drive Into Many
A.1.3. Partitions within Partitions — An Overview of Extended Partitions
A.1.4. Making Room For Fedora
A.1.5. Partition Naming Scheme
A.1.6. Disk Partitions and Other Operating Systems
A.1.7. Disk Partitions and Mount Points
A.1.8. How Many Partitions?
B. ISCSI disks
B.1. iSCSI disks in anaconda
B.2. iSCSI disks during start up
C. ディスク暗号化
C.1. ブロックデバイス暗号化とは?
C.2. dm-crypt/LUKS を使用してブロックデバイスを暗号化
C.2.1. LUKS の概要
C.2.2. インストールの後で暗号化したデバイスにアクセスする方法は?(システムスタートアップ)
C.2.3. 良いパスフレーズの選択法
C.3. Anaconda 内で暗号化したブロックデバイスを作成
C.3.1. 暗号化できるブロックデバイスの種類は?
C.3.2. パスフレーズの保存
C.3.3. バックアップパスフレーズの作成と保存
C.4. インストール後にインストール済みのシステムで暗号化したブロックデバイスを作成
C.4.1. ブロックデバイスの作成
C.4.2. オプション: ランダムデータでデバイスを充填します。
C.4.3. デバイスを dm-crypt/LUKS 暗号化デバイスとしてフォーマットする
C.4.4. マッピングを作成して解読されたデバイスの内容にアクセスできるようにする
C.4.5. マップしたデバイス上にファイルシステムを作成、又はマップしたデバイスを使用して 複雑なストレージ構造の構築を継続する
C.4.6. マッピング情報を /etc/crypttab に追加します。
C.4.7. エントリを /etc/fstab に追加します。
C.5. インストール後の一般的なタスク
C.5.1. 暗号化したブロックデバイスへアクセスをするための追加の手段としてランダムに生成した キーをセットします。
C.5.2. 既存のデバイスに新規のパスフレーズを追加します。
C.5.3. デバイスからパスフレーズ、又はキーを削除します。
D. Understanding LVM
E. The GRUB Boot Loader
E.1. Boot Loaders and System Architecture
E.2.1. GRUB and the boot process on BIOS-based x86 systems
E.2.2. GRUB and the boot process on UEFI-based x86 systems
E.2.3. Features of GRUB
E.3. Installing GRUB
E.4. GRUB Terminology
E.4.1. Device Names
E.4.2. File Names and Blocklists
E.4.3. The Root File System and GRUB
E.5. GRUB Interfaces
E.5.1. Interfaces Load Order
E.6. GRUB Commands
E.7. GRUB Menu Configuration File
E.7.1. Configuration File Structure
E.7.2. Configuration File Directives
E.8. Changing Runlevels at Boot Time
E.9. Additional Resources
E.9.1. Installed Documentation
E.9.2. Useful Websites
F. Boot Process, Init, and Shutdown
F.1. The Boot Process
F.2. A Detailed Look at the Boot Process
F.2.1. The firmware interface
F.2.2. UEFI-based x86 systems
F.3. The Boot Loader
F.3.1. The GRUB2 boot loader for x86 systems
F.3.2. Boot Loaders for Other Architectures
F.4. The Kernel
F.5. Booting with systemd
F.6. systemd units
F.7. systemd targets
F.8. Running Additional Programs at Boot Time
F.9. Administering services with systemd
F.9.1. Checking up on services
F.9.2. Starting and stopping services
F.9.3. Running services automatically
F.9.4. Killing and Masking services
F.9.5. Getting more from systemd
G. Logging the Installation
G.1. Log files and formats
G.1.1. Logging on the installed system
G.2. Remote logging with rsyslog
G.3. Remote logging via virtio
H. Other Technical Documentation
I. Contributors and production methods
I.1. Contributors
I.2. Production methods
J. Revision History